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From stonecutting to descriptive geometry : orthographic projection and military engineering for the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment / José Calvo López

por Calvo López, José

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11016 Capítulo en monografía

Military engineering treatises and the curricula of such institutions as the Academy of
Barcelona, the École Royale du Génie de Mézières and the École Polythecnique stress
the role of art du trait or stereotomy, a graphical method for the formal control of ashlar
masonry, based in double or multiple orthogonal projection. In the years of the French
Revolution, such procedures morphed into Descriptive Geometry, a science that deals
with a wide range of geometric problems, both practical and theoretical.
This chapter includes a synchronic presentation of these practices and a diachronic
survey of its evolution from the Late Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, finishing with
a discussion of the relevance of this field in treatises and didactic practice. Rather than
its use in such military construction members as rere-arches, skew arches or stairways,
the reason for the importance granted to stereotomy in military construction is to be
found in its role in the education of the spatial vision of the engineer.

Notas

P. 45-67.

Bibliografía

Bibliografía: p. 64-67.



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11016

Military engineering treatises and the curricula of such institutions as the Academy of
Barcelona, the École Royale du Génie de Mézières and the École Polythecnique stress
the role of art du trait or stereotomy, a graphical method for the formal control of ashlar
masonry, based in double or multiple orthogonal projection. In the years of the French
Revolution, such procedures morphed into Descriptive Geometry, a science that deals
with a wide range of geometric problems, both practical and theoretical.
This chapter includes a synchronic presentation of these practices and a diachronic
survey of its evolution from the Late Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, finishing with
a discussion of the relevance of this field in treatises and didactic practice. Rather than
its use in such military construction members as rere-arches, skew arches or stairways,
the reason for the importance granted to stereotomy in military construction is to be
found in its role in the education of the spatial vision of the engineer.

Notas

P. 45-67.

Bibliografía

Bibliografía: p. 64-67.


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